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Email: vpdf@fpt.vn

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NGO assistance triples in a decade
The value of foreign NGOs’ assistance to Vietnam has increased from 102 million USD in 2003 to around 300 million USD this year, according to the Vietnam Committee for Foreign NGO Affairs.
The Committee, in a report to the Third International Conference on Vietnam – Foreign NGOs Cooperation held recently in Hanoi, gives the following details:

Activity of from foreign NGOs (2003-2013)

Year Number of foreign NGOs
operating in Vietnam (2003-2013) Aid value 
(million USD)
2003 540 102
2004 560 144
2005 600 175
2006 650 216
2007 700 253
2008 710 251
2009 770 271
2010 850 279
2011 900 304
2012 950 314
2013 990 ~300 (estimated)
Source: People’s Aid Coordinating Committee (PACCOM)

Over the past decade, the disbursement value in health care reached 800 million USD, accounting for 34% of the total aid value, through many programs, projects and funds on building health care infrastructure, training medical workers, supporting diseases control centers... 
Other 16% to 20% of the total aid came to addressing social issues, economic development, and education, valued at 500 million USD, 450 million USD and 350 million USD, respectively. 
Over 150 million USD were disbursed for environmental protection. 
The remainder was for other areas.

Area-wise contributions by foreign NGOs:
- Hunger eradication, poverty reduction and socio-economic development: Economically, foreign NGOs helped alleviate economic and social difficulties in project locations. They also introduced sustainable and effective approaches in economic, health care and education development, war healing / supporting AO/dioxin victims, addressing social issues, environmental protection, emergency relief, and reconstruction after natural disasters.
Programs/projects on economic development often accounted for about 20% of the total number of projects and disbursement value. These programs/projects generally contributed to carrying out highlights in the national program for hunger eradication and poverty reduction, developing rural household economy, gradually teaching farmers and the poor how to raise income and improve living conditions in a market economy. Foreign NGO projects formed models and implementation methods, thus introducing new and useful measures in agricultural and forestry extension, finance, epidemics management, agricultural and forestry development, land and forest cultivation and management transfer. Participatory Rural Appraisal exerted positive influence on the planning and execution of several government programs in rural areas.
Programs/projects on addressing social issues accounted for over 20% of the total number of projects and nearly 20% of the aid value. They helped find solutions to issues related to persons with disabilities, AO/dioxin victims, vulnerable people, HIV/AIDS carriers... Many provinces have solved most cases of cleftlip/cleft palate.

Programs/projects in education contributed 12% to the total number of projects and over 10% to the disbursement value. They helped reduce difficulties in infrastructure, teaching/learning standards at project localities, especially in poor communities.

Environmental protection and climate change response were also fields of concern by foreign NGOs. Many major projects for preservation parks and national parks, research on and protection of bird species and wild animals, protection and management of the environment, sustainable exploitation of resources in close connection with poverty reduction, and improvement of communities’ knowledge on climate change. Projects in these areas, accounting for over 7% of the total number of projects and aid value, helped enhance people’s understanding of environmental protection and improve the capacity of agencies in charge of natural conservation. 

- Capacity enhancement for Vietnamese partners. Through cooperation in implementing projects, foreign NGOs helped enhance  capacity for Vietnamese partners and people in project locations. Along with projects on education, training, capacity building..., training is often integrated in projects funded by foreign NGOs. By placing the community in the center in designing activities, NGO projects directly assisted residents, especially those in rural, hinterland and remote areas, to better their understanding, improve their self-management capacity, and boost their income and living conditions.

- Formation of relevant working mechanisms (foreign NGOs-administration-people) to make sure that aid is utilized and managed effectively. By working with administrative bodies, most foreign NGOs realized that local administration involvement and support are essential to the success of any project. A three-party mechanism between the administration, the people and foreign NGOs was formed to promote each partner’s strength, work in line with local development plans, encourage involvement by the people and their organizations, and manage aid in conformity with State regulations./. 




 

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