Sunday, 15 Dec 2019
About us |Events & Projects |News |Publications |Research & Documentation

Events & Projects

News & Event

About Us

Contact Us

máy tạo oxy máy tạo oxy| Máy X quang cao tần| Máy X quang thường quySelecServo Ls Mecapion tai mobi army tai mobi army

quang cao google

 
Address: 61 Bà Triệu Str.,Ba Đình District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Tel/Fax: (84-04) 39454272
Email: vpdf@fpt.vn

Giới thiệu địa chỉ cung cấp phụ tùng xe howo chính hãng. Tất cả phụ tùng xe tải howo đều có chế độ bảo hành rõ ràng cho từng sản phẩm

Democracy and Democratization – A Substantive Approach
“Addressing the question of democracy, one should find answers to three main questions: who wields the instruments of power? how are these instruments used? and in whose interests?” So says a concept paper finalized by a VPDF-hosted international roundtable held in Hanoi on September 25-26. Concerning the substance of democracy and democratization, the paper reads: “In the people lies the decisive strength for the development of all nations and humankind. Etymologically, democracy means ‘people’s power’ in the intra-relationsips of the power system, in which all people enjoy equal conditions and opportunities in building and utilizing the power system, taking part in decision-making, overseeing the implementation of decisions, and benefiting from the operation of that power system. In a broader sense, democracy involves relations between people and people, between individuals and the collective and society, between one group of people and another and society in all aspects of social life, in the economic, political, cultural and social fields, materially and spiritually alike. With the development of civilization and as a result of social struggles, humanity has made long strides along the path of democratization. Many democracy-promoting institutions, principles and instruments have been established and widely applied in different countries. However, a democracy deficit, and even an absence of democracy, remains a problem in most countries. Today, Western countries have often evoked such formulas of democracy as political multiparty-ism, free elections, rule of law, civil society, freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of speech, individual freedoms, etc. and considered these as conditions for democracy, and criteria for differentiating ‘democratic’ and ‘totalitarian’ nations. It has even bestowed on itself the mission of disseminating those formulas of “democracy” throughout the world. Can the application of such formulas really make a society democratic? Addressing the question of democracy, one should find answers to three main questions: who wields the instruments of power? how are these instruments used? and in whose interests? Together, these three questions reflect the nature of democracy in a given society. And the form of a genuine democracy should reflect that nature of democracy. It would be a mistake to pay attention only to formal aspects and overlook substantive issues. Reality has shown that in many countries, while all such formulas as political multiparty-ism, free elections, rule of law, civil society, freedom of assembly, freedom of the press, freedom of speech, individual freedom, etc. are practiced, power does not really belong to the people, but instead is mainly manipulated by political, economic and financial groupings; and what the people enjoy is just certain ‘democratic rights’ conceded by the ruling classes. The question here is that while the system may be improved to a certain degree by concrete measures, techniques and instruments, it cannot be changed without fundamental and comprehensive solutions. A substantive approach is, therefore, necessary for one to overcome imposed formulas and move toward building a proper democracy, where power is really of the people, by the people and for the people. The three above-mentioned substance-evaluating lens should be used to scrutinize all institutions, instruments and factors constituting or impacting democracy, including the state, the market, political parties, the mass media and the civil society”./.
 

Newsletter

Name:
Email:

Publications

Visitors Counter

mod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_countermod_vvisit_counter
mod_vvisit_counterToday197
mod_vvisit_counterYesterday465
mod_vvisit_counterThis week3171
mod_vvisit_counterThis month5572
mod_vvisit_counterAll704581