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Democratizing international relations

In the present globalized world, democratization of international relations represents a legitimate and urgent demand of all nations, remarks a concept paper coming out of a VPDF-sponsored study.
The paper, enriched at an international roundtable in Hanoi on September 25-26, says notably:

At present, it is loud advocates of democracy who continue to impose and maintain utterly undemocratic mechanisms, proceedings and practices in international relations and institutions.
American unilateralism is a flagrant manifestation. NATO’s self-proclaimed right to interfere militarily in any part of the world is yet another.

The “international community” notion has been distorted to a point that it is now applicable only when the US and a number of its Western allies are included. Thus, a UN General Assembly resolution adopted by the overwhelming majority of UN member countries criticizing the US embargo and blockade against Cuba is not treated as the voice of the “international community”.

The system of international rules and regulations has become extremely complicated, and only rich countries have conditions to explore and utilize, while developing countries have little chance to acquire and apply in defence of their interests.

Along with the globalization process and trends toward regional integration and grouping, multilateral charters and agreements have been concluded, with provisions mandatory to participating countries. Although such documents affect and impact the interests of the people of related countries, the latter have almost no chance to access or contribute democratically. Meanwhile, many agreements have reduced the authority of parliaments and the people of countries to decide upon their own problems. The sovereignty of countries and people has been hijacked into the hands of supra-national bureaucracies.
In such a situation, democratization of international relations is a legitimate and urgent demand.

In the first place, the increasingly interdependent relationships in an integrated and globalized world should be established on the basis of ensuring the independence and sovereignty of nations. At the same time, all nation-states, big or small, rich or poor, should be allowed to take an equal part in the settlement of international issues.

The United Nations Organization should be reformed and made a model of democratic institution on the basis of ensuring equality for all nations.

International financial and trade institutions should be reshaped to ensure both management under democratic principles and implementation of equitable and sustainable development objectives in the common interests of humanity.

International agreements and relations should ensure the principles of respect for the independence and sovereignty of nations, equality and mutual benefit, and settlement of disputes through peaceful negotiations on the basis of international law./.






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